In 2012 I created a small plugin for Qgis1.x. It allowed you to modify a vector layer, creating a new column to hold the color of the features. This proved useful for me at the time. I could use Qgis to decide the color palettes and then export to wherever I wanted.
Come 2013, a new version of Qgis appeared, and the plugin broke. I wasn’t using it at the time and I didn’t realize it. But someone did, and kindly pointed me to the problem. I don’t have as much free time as I used to. However as my grandma used to say “better later than never”, here we have the plugin to work with the 2.x series!.
You can get it from my github. The master branch has the original code, and there is a new qgis2.0 branch with the new revamped plugin.